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In Muslim societies pride of place is given to Sayyids, descendants of Muhammad through his grandsons Hasan and Husain.
Naturally this is often fictive, but that matters little.
Observe the greater complexity of the network for other Y lineages.
Here is the text which explains the factors behind the rise of the Genghis Khan haplotype: This rise in frequency, if spread evenly over ~34 generations, would require an average increase by a factor of ~1.36 per generation and is thus comparable to the most extreme selective events observed in natural populations, such as the spread of melanic moths in 19th-century England in response to industrial pollution…We evaluated whether it could have occurred by chance.
If the population growth rate is known, it is possible to test whether the observed frequency of a lineage is consistent with its level of variation, assuming neutrality…Using this method, we estimated the chance of finding the low degree of variation observed in the star cluster, with a current frequency of 8%, under neutral conditions.
Even with the demographic model most likely to lead to rapid increase of the lineage, double exponential growth, the probability was .
From the perspective of moderns, who tend to conceive of historical patterns and forces in economic, or at least ideological, terms, this fixation on blood descent seems ridiculous.
I suspect that many pre-modern people, who were accustomed to small family groups and kin networks in a way we are not, would find our own surprise rather perplexing. First, they discovered that there was a particular Y chromosomal haplotype, a set of unique genetic markers, which was found across much of Asia.
This haplotype seems to have expanded relatively recently, as was evident from small number of mutational steps connecting all of the local variants.
Figure 1 illustrates the phylogenetic network: The shaded area represents the star-phylogeny.
In Russia among the Muslim Tatars and in Central Asia among the Uzbeks descent from Genghis Khan was a major calling card for any would-be warlord.
This is peculiar in light of the fact that Genghis Khan, and his near descendants, were non-Muslims!
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