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Children in Bolivia engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in mining and the harvesting of sugarcane.(1, 2) Table 1 provides key indicators on children's work and education in Bolivia. Statistics on Children's Work and Education under Article 3(a)–(c) of ILO C. Children produce and harvest sugarcane and Brazil nuts in the departments of Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz, and Tarija, although recent efforts to combat this practice and other factors have reportedly reduced the prevalence of child labor in these sectors.(1, 6, 8, 9) Indigenous children are particularly vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor.(20, 22, 25) Some indigenous Guaraní families live in debt bondage and work on ranches, including in raising cattle, in the Chaco region of Bolivia.(5, 6, 8) Based on reports, this practice may have been reduced in recent years due, in part, to increased attention to the region and land tenure reform.(8) Bolivian children are trafficked to Argentina, where they are vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor in agriculture and the production of textiles.(26-29) Bolivian law requires children to attend school up to age 17.

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Has reached more than 3,000 government officials and NGO representatives.(26, 50) Government collaboration with UNICEF in 17 Bolivian Brazil nut- and sugarcane-producing municipalities to provide education assistance, with funding from the Government of Italy and the Swiss Cooperation Agency.

Seeks to improve living conditions of 2,300 families and reintegrate 3,400 children in school.(72) † Program is funded by the Government of Bolivia.

However, reports indicate that NGOs have not participated fully in the Plurinational Council despite NGOs' efforts for inclusion.(51) Reports also indicate that some Department-Level Councils against Human Trafficking and Smuggling have yet to develop department-level plans to combat human trafficking, as mandated by law.(2, 35, 59, 60) Sets national priorities on combating human trafficking and smuggling through five core areas: the prevention of trafficking, remediation and the reintegration of survivors, the prosecution of crimes, the strengthening of national coordination mechanisms, and international cooperation.(60-62) Establishes eight lines of action drawn from the five core areas of the Plurinational Policy to Combat Trafficking and Smuggling of Persons, including building capacity and coordination among criminal law enforcement agencies.(63) In 2016, the Plurinational Council refined the plan, whose updated version awaits approval.(59) ‡ The Government had other policies that may have addressed child labor issues or had an impact on child labor.(64) Bolivia's national policy for addressing child labor, the National Plan for the Progressive Eradication of Child Labor (2000–2010), expired in 2010.(65) A new plan was not established during the reporting period.(66) The Government has not included child labor elimination and prevention strategies into the national Patriotic Agenda 2025.(23, 67, 68) In 2016, the Government funded and participated in programs that include the goal of eliminating or preventing child labor, including its worst forms (Table 10). Key Social Programs to Address Child Labor‡ Government program that provides a conditional cash transfer to all primary school students to increase school attendance and reduce the dropout rate.(53) In 2016, assisted 2,191,526 students with a budget of $68 million.(55) Human Rights Ombudsman's Office program that promotes the elimination of the worst forms of child labor, along with labor and social protections for working adolescents ages 14 to 17. "In Bolivia, Legitimizing Child Labor [video]." New York Times, December 19, 2015; International - Americas.

Launched in 2013 in the Tarija, Potosí, and Beni Departments.(69) Expanded in 2014 to monitor the use of child labor in sugarcane harvesting in Santa Cruz.(70) In 2016, continued to monitor child labor in these high-risk sectors.(55) MOL collaboration with the Bolivian Institute of Standardization and Quality, UNICEF, and the ILO to develop a voluntary certification program to recognize companies that comply with Bolivian law and ILO conventions on child labor, forced labor, and worker discrimination in the production of their goods.(10, 53, 71) In 2016, engaged with companies in the sugarcane and Brazil nut sectors and launched campaigns to raise public awareness about goods made with child labor.(55) Government program implemented with the Bolivian Network for the Fight Against Human Trafficking and Smuggling that conducts awareness campaigns to educate the public about the Comprehensive Law against Human Trafficking and Smuggling. "Trabajo Niños ladrilleros trabajan en la noche y la madrugada en La Paz." Pagina Siete, La Paz, October 11, 2012; Sociedad.

The Offices of the Child Advocate, required by the Child and Adolescent Code to authorize child work and assist victims of child labor, are also absent or underfunded in many municipalities, leaving some children unprotected and vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor.

In addition, the Government lacks a comprehensive child labor policy. "Acceso a la educación." [online] December 18, 2014 [cited March 9, 2015];

The Ministry of Labor (MOL) reported that it conducted 250 targeted child labor inspections.(2) Reports indicate that this number was inadequate to address the scope of the problem, particularly in rural and hard to reach areas.(55) The MOL and the national Office of the Child Advocate continue to develop a registry of children authorized to work by the municipal Offices of the Child Advocate.

Research could not find data on the number of children authorized to work in 2016.(50) The Government reports that children who are removed from child labor are referred to the municipal Offices of the Child Advocate for services. Instituto de Investigación e Interacción Educativa - Universidad Mayor de San Andrés.

This ratio is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population at the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary education. on Indicators of Forced Labor in the Bolivia Brazil-nut, Cattle, Corn, and Peanut Sectors__9.19 _url=/suplementos/financiero/trabajo-infantil-redujo-Santa-Cruz_0_1834616652

A high ratio indicates a high degree of current primary education completion.

‡ The Government had other social programs that may have included the goal of eliminating or preventing child labor, including its worst forms.(23, 72-76) Although Bolivia has programs that target child labor, the scope of these programs is insufficient to address the extent of the problem, particularly in the production of Brazil nuts and sugarcane, ranching and cattle raising, mining, domestic work, street work, and commercial sexual exploitation.

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